The state motto of Texas is “Friendship,” which was derived from Tejas, a Spanish derivation of the name of a native Indian tribe — Caddo. Tejasliterally means “friends” and is also the source of the name “Texas.” The motto was officially adopted in February 1930 by the 41st Texas legislature. Unlike most states in the United States, the state motto of Texas is not featured on either the official seal or the flag.

The Bandidos are one of the few major biker gangs in the world. According to the Department of Justice, it has up to 2,500 members in 14 countries, with about 900 belonging to 93 chapters in the United States. Members of the Bandidos, whose motto is “we are the people our parents warned us about,” have been arrested in several states on drug, weapons and racketeering charges and have been involved in deadly feuds around the world.

One slogan displayed in the 1990s by Bandidos members caught up in a Nordic turf war with the Hells Angels seemed to sum up the group’s ethos: “God forgives. Bandidos don’t.”

For the most part, observers and law enforcement officials say, the crime associated with motorcycle groups is carried out in secret because of the awareness that high-profile episodes of violence invite renewed crackdowns by the authorities. But while violent clashes are fewer in number, they have in recent years played out in public and sensational ways, such as when a Hells Angels leader was killed in a Nevada casino in 2011.

“The violence is more intense and more public,” said Randy McBee, an associate professor of history at Texas Tech University and the author of a coming book about the culture and the history of the American motorcyclist since World War II. “These people don’t seem to have a concern about where or when it happens.”

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